Keithley Nanovoltmeter Model 2182A

The two-channel Model 2182A Nanovoltmeter is optimized for making stable, low noise voltage measurements and for characterizing low resistance materials and devices reliably and repeatably. It provides higher measurement speed and significantly better noise performance than alternative low voltage measurement solutions. It offers a simplified delta mode for making resistance measurements in combination with a reversing current source, such as the Model 6220 or 6221.

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Base Price
US $4,200
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Keithley High Resistance/Low Current Electrometers Series 6500, 6430

Features

Benefits

1nV sensitivity Provides accurate, ultra-low voltage measurements.
Typically just 15nVp-p noise at 1s response time, 40–50nV p-p noise at 60ms Ensures low noise levels over a wide range of useful response times.
Dual channels   Supports measuring voltage, temperature, or the ratio of an unknown resistance to a reference resistor.
Measurement cycle is synchronized to the power line AC cycle   Minimizes variations due to readings that begin at different phases of the line cycle. The result is exceptionally high immunity to line interference with little or no shielding and filtering required.
Built-in thermocouple linearization and cold junction compensation Simplifies making accurate temperature measurements.
Internal polarity reversal measurement technique Eliminates thermal error sources.
Optimized for use with Model 6220/6221 current sources Allows both instruments to be operated like a single instrument when making differential conductance, pulsed, and resistance measurements.
Delta mode current reversal measurement technique when combined with the 6220 or 6221   Enables resistance measurements down to 10nΩ.
2182A/6221 combination synchronizes signal pulses and measurements Minimizes the amount of power dissipated into a temperature-sensitive DUT.
Model Voltage Temperature Resistance Number of Channels Buffer Size List Price
2182A 1nV - 100V -200°C - 1820°C 10nΩ to 200MΩ (requires 6220 or 6221) 2 1,024rdgs US $4,200
Configure & Quote
2182A/J 1 nV~100 V

10 nΩ~200 MΩ(6220型または6221型が必要)

2 1,024個の読み値 US $4,200
Configure & Quote
Model Voltage Temperature Resistance Number of Channels Buffer Size List Price
2182A 1nV - 100V -200°C - 1820°C 10nΩ to 200MΩ (requires 6220 or 6221) 2 1,024rdgs US $4,200
Configure & Quote
2182A/J 1 nV~100 V

10 nΩ~200 MΩ(6220型または6221型が必要)

2 1,024個の読み値 US $4,200
Configure & Quote
Datasheet 2000-BENCHKIT
Datasheet Accessory
MULTI MODEL BENCH CONVERSION KIT
Datasheet 2107-30
Datasheet Accessory
LOW THERMAL INPUT CABLE
Datasheet 2107-4
Datasheet Accessory
LOW THERMAL INPUT CABLE
Datasheet 2107-50
Datasheet Accessory
Description Datasheet LOW THERMAL CABLE, 50FT, (15M)
Datasheet 2182-KIT
Datasheet Accessory
LOW THERMAL CONNECTOR KIT
Datasheet 2188
Datasheet Accessory
LOW THERMAL SHORTING PLUG
Datasheet 4288-1
Datasheet Accessory
SINGLE FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
Datasheet 4288-2
Datasheet Accessory
DUAL FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
Datasheet 4288-5
Datasheet Accessory
RACK KIT
Datasheet 7009-5
Datasheet Accessory
5 FT. SHIELDED RS-232 CABLE
Datasheet Datasheet Accessory
Description Datasheet 2000-BENCHKIT MULTI MODEL BENCH CONVERSION KIT
Description Datasheet 2107-30 LOW THERMAL INPUT CABLE
Description Datasheet 2107-4 LOW THERMAL INPUT CABLE
2107-50 LOW THERMAL CABLE, 50FT, (15M)
Description Datasheet 2182-KIT LOW THERMAL CONNECTOR KIT
Description Datasheet 2188 LOW THERMAL SHORTING PLUG
Description Datasheet 4288-1 SINGLE FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
Description Datasheet 4288-2 DUAL FIXED RACK MOUNTING KIT
Description Datasheet 4288-5 RACK KIT
Description Datasheet 7009-5 5 FT. SHIELDED RS-232 CABLE
Hall Effect Measurements in Materials Characterization
Whitepaper
Measurement Techniques for Characterizing Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes, and Nano-Materials and Devices
Poster

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Faq Id70191

Faq Id70556

Faq Id70526

Faq Id71821

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Faq Id69826
Model 2182A Nanovoltmeter
Datasheet
Model 4299-7 Fixed Rack-Mount Kit Assembly and Mounting Instructions
This document contains the parts list and installation information for products that can be mounted with this rack-mount kit.

Model 4299-7 Fixed Rack Mounting Kit Assembly and Mounting Instructions
Part Number: PA-1065E
User
Models 2182 and 2182A Nanovoltmeter User's Manual
Models 2182 and 2182A Nanovoltmeter User's Manual

Model 2182 and 2182A Nanovoltmeter User's Manual


Part Number: 2182A-900-01B
Primary User
Models 2182/2182A Nanovoltmeter Quick Reference Guide, Rev. A

Model 2182/2182A Nanovoltmeter Quick Reference Guide, Rev. A
Part Number: 2182A-903-01A
Primary User
2182A-C08 Firmware Release Package
Model 2182A Version C08 Firmware. Contains the 2182A-C08.x firmware image for use with Flash Wizard to upgrade a 2182A Instrument. Customer release notes are also included.

Part Number: 2182A-FRP-C08
Firmware
2182A-C06 Firmware Release Package
Contains the 2182A-C06.x firmware image for use with Flash Wizard to upgrade a 2182A Instrument. Customer release notes are also included.

Part Number: 2182A-FRP-C06
Firmware
Model 2182A Firmware Version C02
Model 2182A Version C02 Firmware and Release Notes

Part Number: 2182A-804C02
Firmware
Flashwizard version C12 (Windows 7, Vista, XP, Win2K, NT, ME, 98 Compatible)
Flashwizard executable version C12 (Windows 7, Vista, XP, Win2K, NT, ME, 98 Compatible)

Part Number: FLASH-WIZARD-C12
Firmware
Problem: Errors in Low Resistance Measurements
Technical Article
Advances in Electrical Measurements for Nanotechnology E-Handbook
Rev 3.13
Fact Sheet
Achieving Accurate and Reliable Resistance Measurements in Low Power and Low Voltage Applications
Whitepaper
#2611 Low-Level Pulsed Electrical Characterization with the Model 6221/2182A Combination
Application Note
Pulse Testing for Nanoscale Devices
Technical Article
Advances in Electrical Measurements for Nanotechnology
Rev 3.15.13
Handbook
Precision, Low Current Sources for Device Testing and Characterization
Brochure
Problem: Reading Drift in Low Resistance Measurements
Technical Article
Problem: Noisy Readings in Low Resistance Measurements
Technical Article
Problem: Error in Low Voltage, Low Current Measurements
Technical Article
Applications Guide - Techniques for Multi-Channel Testing and Data Acquisition
Fact Sheet
AC Versus DC Measurement Methods for Low-power Nanotech and Other Sensitive Devices
Technical Article
Automatic Resistance Measurements on High Temperature Superconductors
Application Note
#200 Understanding Low Voltage Measurements
Application Note
#2615 Determining Resistivity and Conductivity Type using a Four-Point Collinear Probe and the Model 6221 Current Source
Application Note
Characterizing Nanoscale Devices with Differential Conductive Measurements
Technical Article
Keithley Instrumentation for Electrochemical Test Methods and Applications
This application note discusses a variety of electrochemical applications, including voltammetry, low and high resistivity measurements, battery test, potentiometry, electrodeposition, electrical device characterization, and other tests that involve …

Literature Number: 1KW-60158-1
Application Note
Keithley Pulse Solutions
Brochure
Discover Today's Solutions for Tomorrow's Nano Characterization Challenges
Brochure
Troubleshooting Low Voltage Measurement Problems
Technical Article
The Emerging Challenges of Nanotechnology Testing
Technical Article
SOLUTIONS FOR SCIENTIFIC AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH

Literature Number: 55W_30503_2
Brochure
Unraveling Fuel Cell Electrical Measurements
Technical Article
Solutions for Production Testing of Connectors
Application Note
Making Precision Low Voltage and Low Resistance Measurements E-Handbook
Fact Sheet
Making Better Fuel Cells: Through-Plane Resistivity Measurement of Graphite-Filled Bipolar Plates
Whitepaper
New dG Measurement Methods Reveal Nanodevice Characteristics Faster, at Lower Cost
Technical Article
New Instruments Can Lock Out Lock-ins
Whitepaper
Model 2182A Instrument Specifications
This document contains specifications and supplemental information for the Model 2182A Nanovoltmeter. Specifications are the standards against which the 2182A is tested. Upon leaving the factory, the 2182A meets these specifications. Supplemental and …

Literature Number: SPEC-2182A Rev. F
Specification
Basics of Temperature Measurement: Thermocouples
Technical Article
Basics of Temperature Measurement: Thermistors
Technical Article
An Improved Method for Differential Conductance Measurements
Whitepaper
How to Select the Right Temperature Sensor
Technical Article
Low-Voltage Measurement Techniques
Technical Article
New Materials and Devices E-Guide
Brochure
Low Level Measurements Handbook - 7th Edition

Literature Number: 1KW-1559-0
Handbook
Low Voltage/ Low Resistance Measurements
Product Selector Guide
Guide to Measuring New Materials and Devices
Handbook